RAFT X (Marco Island, FL; November 3-6, 2013) will be an opportunity to look back at 20 years of fermentation and bioprocess development, while looking forward to how our industry and research focus needs to change. More information on the meeting coming soon.
RAFT I was held in 1995, a decade after the first recombinant products from a nascent biotechnology industry entered the market. Large traditional pharmaceutical companies still had thriving natural products groups and were producing secondary metabolites in large bioreactors. Oil was again cheap after the oil embargo of the 70s and the idea of global warming had yet to take hold. The enthusiasm for ethanol and other renewable biochemical industries were still a future dream.